Episcopal Church website honored with ‘WebAward’

first_img Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Submit a Job Listing Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Submit a Press Release In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector Washington, DC The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Rector Tampa, FL Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector Albany, NY [Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs] The website of the Episcopal Church – www.episcopalchurch.org – has been honored with a 2012 WebAward for Outstanding Achievement in Web Development in the Faith-based Category by the Web Marketing Association.“This is a welcome validation of our small team’s work,” noted Anne Rudig, director of communication. “Creating a meaningful experience for both new and frequent visitors to the site was the goal. I think this award recognizes achievement of that goal.”The website was evaluated against seven criteria: design, innovation, content, technology, interactivity, copywriting, and ease of use. In particular, the award noted: “Videos throughout the site provide an excellent user interactivity opportunity.”Working with Duo Consulting and Atmosphere Design of Kansas City, Missouri, the Office of Communication launched the new website on Tuesday, December 27, 2011, utilizing Drupal open-source technologies.“The launching of the website this past December was the result a more than a year of careful, thoughtful and, at times ‘different’ thinking, about how the Church should be represented on the web,” noted Barry Merer, Episcopal Church manager of web and social media services. “The church itself, its beliefs, and the ministry and work it does are the stars of this project.”About the WebAwardsSince 1997, the Web Marketing Association’s annual WebAward Competition has been setting the standard of excellence for Website development. Independent expert judges from around the world review sites in 96 industries. The best are recognized with a WebAward which helps interactive professionals promote themselves, their companies, and their best work to the outside world. The WebAward Competition is the premier award recognition program for Web developers and marketers worldwide. Rector Collierville, TN An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Rector Knoxville, TN Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Rector Bath, NC Rector Martinsville, VA Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Youth Minister Lorton, VA Director of Music Morristown, NJ Press Release Servicecenter_img Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector Shreveport, LA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Featured Events Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Cathedral Dean Boise, ID New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Pittsburgh, PA Curate Diocese of Nebraska Associate Rector Columbus, GA Submit an Event Listing Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Rector Smithfield, NC Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Rector Belleville, IL Featured Jobs & Calls Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Episcopal Church website honored with ‘WebAward’ Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Posted Sep 17, 2012 Bishop Diocesan Springfield, ILlast_img read more

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Christian fundraising lists merge

 14 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 11 January 2000 | News Two e-mail discussion lists for Christian fundraisers have merged. Two e-mail discussion lists for Christian fundraisers have merged. The older Hilaros, founded in 1996, has now merged with Christiandev, one of the non-profit discussion lists run by US e-mail discussion list hub CharityChannel.Cliff Glovier, founder of Hilaros, will join volunteers Betsy Clarke and Kathy Johnston as Co-Moderator of ChristianDev. Advertisement CharityChannel’s Stephen Nill said of the merger: “Because its roots are primarily in higher education, the folks from the Hilaros list are mostly from higher education development offices. The merger will give the Hilaros community a broader exposure to folks from other kinds of nonprofit organizations. Then, too, the original ChristianDev group will benefit from exposure to the higher-education world of Christian development, with its well-developed methods and traditions.”ChristianDev’s membership has grown from 250 subscribers to 425 as a result.Find out how to join ChristianDev at CharityChannel and find out from UK Fundraising what other discussion lists are available for fundraisers. Christian fundraising lists merge About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. read more

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Metro wants to feature urban charity successes

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Metro wants to feature urban charity successes  20 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: corporate Volunteering Metro newspapers is inviting charities and groups working in urban areas to get in touch with a view to them featuring their work.An advert in yesterday’s Metro newspaper in London said:“Here at Metro, we like to celebrate the work of groups and charities that make a difference in our towns and cities. If you represent one of these groups, we’d like to hear your story – drop us an email telling us how you’re helping at [email protected]”In the same advert, Metro invited creatives and creative agencies to volunteer their services to help create advertisements for businesses that have been affected by the recent rioting in some of England’s cities. Enquiries should be sent to [email protected] charities and social enterprises were amongst those affected by these events, they might be amongst those to benefit from this volunteering.www.metro.co.uk Howard Lake | 1 September 2011 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

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Chiranuch Premchaiporn

first_img Asia – PacificThailand Tongam Rina India Find out more Hamid Mir Pakistan Find out more Help by sharing this information José Belo Timor-Leste Find out more to go further Receive email alerts Information hero Chiranuch Premchaiporn center_img Chiranuch Premchaiporn, better known by the pen name Jiew, is the editor of the online newspaper Prachatai. She was briefly arrested and prosecuted in 2010 for lèse majesté. Under the terms of the draconian Computer Crimes Act, she could face up to 50 years in prison. The evidence was scant: she was accused of failing to remove anti-monarchist comments from the site quickly enough in 2008. She was subjected to judicial harassment for more than three years, during which time she did all she could to counter censorship of her site, before being given a suspended sentence of eight months’ imprisonment and a fine of 20,000 baht ($635) in 2012. Determined to assert her rights and win her case, she appealed against the court’s decision. But the legal system refused to budge. Premchaiporn’s battle for freedom of the press is indicative of the harshness of Thai justice system and the punitive nature of some of its laws which, instead of protecting the monarchy, are used as political weapons against critical and independent voices. Julian Assange Australia Find out more Asia – PacificThailand Follow the news on Thailand Oudom Tat Cambodia Find out more See morelast_img read more

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Pasadena Man Discovers the Mummified Body of a 70-yr old Activist and Teacher

first_img More Cool Stuff Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Community News Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  latest #1 Pasadena Man Discovers the Mummified Body of a 70-yr old Activist and Teacher Published on Wednesday, May 22, 2013 | 6:03 pm HerbeautyWeird Types Of Massage Not Everyone Dares To TryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyTiger Woods’ Ex Wife Found A New Love PartnerHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyA 74 Year Old Fitness Enthusiast Defies All Concept Of AgeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeauty 3 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it center_img EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Make a comment Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Business News Subscribe An East Pasadena man, driving to New Mexico to attend a Cinco de Mayo Celebration, discovered the mummified body of a noted 70-year-old activist and teacher inside her condo, it was reported today.Louis Ponce told the Santa Fe New Mexican that he had become concerned about Barbara Salinas-Norman because he had not heard from her for a long time.So when Ponce and his wife, Edna – Salinas-Norman’s sister – decided to drive from East Pasadena to a Cinco de Mayo celebration at the National Hispanic Cultural Center in Albuquerque, they made stop to Salinas-Norman’s Santa Fe apartment and found her body in a filthy living room, the New Mexican reported.“If you saw the apartment, you would never walk inside it,” Ponce told the newspaper. “I never knew anybody could be that filthy.”The New Mexican reported stories from Salinas-Norman’s friends that suggested her life had been falling apart for some time. She often slept in her car and washed up in the bathroom at a local library.The gas and electricity had been turned off in her condo because she wasn’t paying her bills. She ate at soup kitchens. Her home was in foreclosure, the newspaper reported.It was quite the descent for a woman who founded and ran a publishing company called Pinata Publications in the office of her then-husband, Sam Norman, an Oakland lawyer, the New Mexican reported.Salinas-Norman began writing, illustrating and publishing her own books designed to help Mexican American children identify with their culture. She gave up teaching to write full time in 1983. She was a bilingual teacher in the Oakland, Calif., public schools in the 1980s.She earned a bachelor’s degree in education from California State University in Los Angeles and a master’s degree in public health education from the University of California, Berkeley.She became involved in the Chicano movement during that time and considered herself a founding mother of MEChA, (Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan), a student organization promoting higher education among Chicanos.She was a bilingual teacher in the Oakland, Calif., public schools in the 1980s. Top of the News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

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Wood Burning Prohibited Thursday

first_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week More Cool Stuff Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes 2 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * The South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) has issued a residential no-burn alert for Thursday, December 10, covering Pasadena and all of the South Coast Air Basin which includes the greater Los Angeles area, Orange County and the Inland Empire.The alert means all kinds of indoor and outdoor residential wood burning are prohibited due to high air pollution predicted for the days covered by the alert.Under SCAQMD guidelines, residents in these areas are reminded that burning wood in their fireplaces is prohibited from midnight tonight through midnight Thursday.No-burn alerts are mandatory in order to protect public health due to a high concentration of fine particle air pollution forecast for the area. The no-burn prohibition also applies to manufactured fire logs, such as those made from wax or paper. Health authorities say fine particles in wood smoke – also known as particulate matter or PM2.5 – can get deep into the lungs and cause respiratory illnesses, leading to increased emergency room visits and hospitalizations.SCAQMD’s no-burn alerts do not apply to mountain communities above 3,000 feet in elevation, the Coachella Valley, or the High Desert. Homes that rely on wood as a sole source of heat, low-income households and those without natural gas service also are exempt from the requirement.Pasadena residents are advised to help reduce the harmful health effects of wood smoke by checking for no-burn alerts before burning wood.Alerts can be received by signing up through www.airalerts.org. SCAQMD also publishes alerts and daily pollution forecasts on www.aqmd.gov and www.aqmd.gov/healthyalerts/chk-before-you-burn which also contains an interactive no-burn alert map.Residents may also call SCAQMD’s 24-hour Check Before You Burn toll-free line at (866) 966-3293.SCAQMD’s Check Before You Burn program starts each year on November 1 and runs through the last day of February. Gas and other non-wood burning fireplaces are not restricted.For further information on the ‘Check Before You Burn’ program and alternatives to wood burning, including the gas fireplace incentive program, visit www.healthyhearths.org. Make a commentcenter_img Government Wood Burning Prohibited Thursday Published on Wednesday, December 9, 2015 | 4:58 pm Community News Community News Business News Subscribe Top of the News Herbeauty7 Things A Man Will Do Only If He Really Loves YouHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty12 Female Fashion Trends That Guys Can’t StandHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Easy Tips To Help You Reset Your Sleep ScheduleHerbeautyHerbeauty EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

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Finance Minister insists keeping special VAT rate will cost hundreds of millions

first_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook The finance minister has insisted that keeping the special VAT rate for tourism would cost hundreds of millions.Michael Noonan says it will cost 360 million euro a year to keep the 9 per cent rate, which expires in December.Mr Noonan’s government colleagues and members of opposition parties have been lobbying to keep the special rate for the hospitality industry.But Minister Noonan’s said that the tourism industries are now strong enough to support the higher rate:[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/22noon1.mp3[/podcast] Previous articleDonegal drawn with Derry in next years ChampionshipNext articleFinal home game for Harps tonight News Highland Twitter Google+ Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire WhatsApp By News Highland – October 4, 2013 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Facebookcenter_img News Google+ Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Pinterest WhatsApp 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Finance Minister insists keeping special VAT rate will cost hundreds of millions Pinterestlast_img read more

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NYPD officer resigns after allegedly breaking into woman’s home, yelling racial slurs

first_imgtillsonburg/iStock(NEW YORK) — A New York City Police Department officer resigned on Thursday, more than a year after he was charged for allegedly breaking into a woman’s home, threatening her and yelling racial slurs.Michael Reynolds was convicted on charges of assault and criminal trespassing in connection with the July 2018 incident in which a black woman accused him of kicking in her back door in the midst of a drunken rage.Reynolds, who is white, was sentenced to 15 days in jail and three years’ probation last month after pleading no contest to four misdemeanors, according to court records.The victim, Conese Halliburton, in addition to civil rights activists, had called for his resignation.More than 10,000 people signed an online petition calling for his firing in support of Halliburton. Reynolds, who was on vacation in Nashville at the time, testified that he and his friends had been drinking before the incident occurred. He could not remember how much he drank, but he said he entered Halliburton’s the home by mistake, thinking that it was his rental property, according to his court testimony.“Ms. Halliburton appreciates the outpouring of support that she has received, and she is relieved that ex-officer Reynolds will never be able to terrorize anyone or abuse his authority as a law enforcement official ever again,” Daniel Horwitz, Halliburton’s attorney, said in a statement Thursday.Halliburton, 42, testified last month that the episode had left her and her children, who witnessed the incident, traumatized.“My kids want to move. They don’t want to be in that house anymore,” she said at the officer’s sentencing last month. “We don’t have peace. To know that you’ve been living somewhere all your life, and you don’t have that anymore, and where would you go, it’s not fair.”“It’s not fair that somebody can laugh in your face and their friends can laugh about it like it’s a joke, and your life stops, and their life can keep on going,” she added. “And they’re supposed to keep a job, and you’re supposed to uphold the law.”An attorney for Reynolds declined to comment when reached by ABC News.Last week, the NYPD revealed that Reynolds had been placed on “modified duty” in light of the ongoing case. It announced the officer’s resignation, effective immediately, on Thursday.“He will receive no pension or health benefits, nor will he be allowed to carry a firearm,” the NYPD said in a statement. “His actions are wholly inconsistent with the values and standards the New York City Police Department expects and demands of its officers.”Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Dealing with demotion

first_img Previous Article Next Article David Craik explains how to stay on top when your job is taken awayIt’s the beginning of a working day and your boss calls you into theiroffice. There’s little time for pleasantries as they inform you that you willbe demoted from your present position. You are naturally very shocked, andquestions immediately flash into your mind: what are my family and colleaguesgoing to think? Will they accuse me of being a failure? Should I continueworking for this company with reduced status and pay? “You must tell yourself that you can cope with being demoted,”says Edinburgh-based chartered corporate psychologist, Ben Williams. “Ofcourse, such news will not be welcome, but the key is to maintain yourself-esteem. You must remind yourself that you have coped with other upheavalsin your life before, be they bereavement, financial difficulties, healthconcerns or divorce. Keep telling yourself you can survive this.” Demotion, continues Williams, is becoming an increasingly popular tool foremployers in a number of different circumstances. Employees, he says, mustrecognise these reasons when they initially react to news of their owndemotion. “Many organisations are downsizing, and you may be asked to take a jobat a lower level. If this happens, your reaction may be to just look at thebright side – at least you survived!” says Williams. “Your company may be in a bad way economically, and you are beingdemoted with the aim of promoting you back again when the financial outlook isbrighter. Or you may have been demoted for disciplinary reasons or because youwere promoted beyond your capabilities. You may not have been coping, and yourresponsibilities are therefore being taken away.” No matter what reasons lie behind a demotion, each one has a seriouspsychological impact. Williams calls it ‘status anxiety’ – a new phrase for‘keeping up with the Jones’s’. “There are some very hierarchical businesses where this anxiety willhit you harder than others, such as graded jobs, where it is obvious that youhave come down a level. But you must make the best of a bad job,” Williamsexplains. “You must still use your work as a chance to show what you cando. It is time for you to pour on the motivation, and not to send your CV torecruitment agencies. Remember, you may be moved back up again.” However, David Cots, deputy director of research at The Work Foundation, isnot optimistic that an employee’s reaction to demotion will be a positive one.”It must be very demotivating for employees. From the employer’s point ofview, it is extremely bad HR practice because your employee will want to leave.They will look at their loss of status and inevitable loss of pay, and may lookat their contract of employment and make a claim for constructivedismissal.” Williams also believes this route is one open to employees who have beendemoted, but also he urges caution – “because the employer may have alegally sound reason for their decision, including having other candidates moresuited to your position available.” Because of the negative consequences of demotion for all concerned, Cotssays that it is unlikely that organisations will use it as HR policy. “Idon’t think that this is common,” he says. “I certainly haven’t hadmuch experience of it.” If employers are tempted, however, Cots urges them to find alternatives.”If you have identified that an employee is struggling in their job, youshould have an adequate appraisal system in place so that they can improvetheir performance,” says Cots. “It is all down to performancemanagement. I think that it would be better to part company with an employeerather than demote.” Top tips to stay afloat– Identify the reason behind yourdemotion. It may be a financial decision of the company – not because of yourpersonal performance– Tell yourself that you can cope with the demotion as you havecoped with other hard times in your life– Keep your self-esteem high– Don’t be demotivated. Instead pour on the motivation, workhard, and you may be promoted back to your lost position– Do not seek other employment, or hide away– Investigate whether you could make a claim for constructivedismissal by first looking at your employment contract – but be careful Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. Dealing with demotionOn 20 Apr 2004 in Personnel Todaylast_img read more

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Photolysis imprint in the nitrate stable isotope signal in snow and atmosphere of East Antarctica and implications for reactive nitrogen cycling

first_imgThe nitrogen (delta N-15) and triple oxygen (delta O-17 and delta O-18) isotopic composition of nitrate (NO3-) was measured year-round in the atmosphere and snow pits at Dome C, Antarctica (DC, 75.1 degrees S, 123.3 degrees E), and in surface snow on a transect between DC and the coast. Comparison to the isotopic signal in atmospheric NO3- shows that snow NO3- is significantly enriched in delta N-15 by > 200 parts per thousand and depleted in delta O-18 by < 40 parts per thousand. Post-depositional fractionation in delta O-17(NO3-) is small, potentially allowing reconstruction of past shifts in tropospheric oxidation pathways from ice cores. Assuming a Rayleigh-type process we find fractionation constants epsilon of -60 +/- 15 parts per thousand, 8 +/- 2 parts per thousand and 1 +/- 1 parts per thousand, for delta N-15, delta O-18 and delta O-17, respectively. A photolysis model yields an upper limit for the photolytic fractionation constant (15)epsilon of delta N-15, consistent with lab and field measurements, and demonstrates a high sensitivity of (15)epsilon to the incident actinic flux spectrum. The photolytic (15)epsilon is process-specific and therefore applies to any snow covered location. Previously published (15)epsilon values are not representative for conditions at the Earth surface, but apply only to the UV lamp used in the reported experiment (Blunier et al., 2005; Jacobi et al., 2006). Depletion of oxygen stable isotopes is attributed to photolysis followed by isotopic exchange with water and hydroxyl radicals. Conversely, N-15 enrichment of the NO3- fraction in the snow implies N-15 depletion of emissions. Indeed, delta N-15 in atmospheric NO3- shows a strong decrease from background levels (4 +/- 7 parts per thousand) to -35 parts per thousand in spring followed by recovery during summer, consistent with significant snowpack emissions of reactive nitrogen. Field and lab evidence therefore suggest that photolysis is an important process driving fractionation and associated NO3- loss from snow. The delta O-17 signature confirms previous coastal measurements that the peak of atmospheric NO3- in spring is of stratospheric origin. After sunrise photolysis drives then redistribution of NO3- from the snowpack photic zone to the atmosphere and a snow surface skin layer, thereby concentrating NO3- at the surface. Little NO3- appears to be exported off the EAIS plateau, still snow emissions from as far as 600 km inland can contribute to the coastal NO3- budget.last_img read more

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